Carbohydrates:

Carbohydrates Slide Show UNI

Carbohydrates Purdue U.

Hexoses http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Chem/mnerzsto/carb-1.htm

Monosaccharides Kirk McMichael, WSU

Monosaccharides power point slides Karen Timberlake

Glycosides, Disaccharides, Polysaccharides Kirk McMichael, WSU

Di- and Polysaccharides power point slides Karen Timberlake

Carbohydrates basic tutorial

Carbohydrates  slides, U. Alberta

3-D carbohydrate structures  Mark Bishop MPC

MIT hypertext on sugars http://web.mit.edu/esgbio/www/lm/sugars/sugars.html

Carbohydrate Nomenclature http://www.chem.qmw.ac.uk/iupac/2carb/

Jon Mabers Carbohydrate Chemistry

Carbohydrate Notes RPI Carbohydrate Power Point Slides RPI

Carbohydrate Chemistry Online http://cvu.strath.ac.uk/lorna/chemistry/home.html

IUPAC Carbohydrate Nomenclature http://www.chem.qmw.ac.uk/iupac/2carb/

Hemiacetals, Acetals and the Aldol Reaction

The making of the cyclic hemiacetal

Acetal Formation Steve Wathen, Siena Heights University

Hemiacetal Formation Shockwave tutorial, Peter Slade

Acid Catalyzed Hemiacetal Formation Shockwave tutorial, Peter Slade

Cyclization of a Monosaccharide Shockwave Tutorial, Peter Slade

Glycoside Formation Shockwave Tutorial, Peter Slade

Equilibrium Between the Open Chain and Ring Forms of Glucose at the Anomeric Carbon  200K Quicktime Movie,  U Utah Medical School

glucose, galactose, mannose hemiacetal formation

U.Southern Maine Materials: Carbohydrates I Carbohydrates II Carbohydrates III

Osazone Formation JCE

Carbohydrate Chemistry Powerpoint Slides UCD

Carbohydrate Powerpoint slides from Wade Text

Carbohydrate Notes

Fehling's test  Tollens test  U. Regensburg, Peter Keusch

Biopolymers II polysaccharides U. Southern Maine

Carbohydrates Quiz Karen Timberlake

Carbohydrates Quiz Michigan State U.

Monosaccharide Reactions Shockwave drills, Darrell Woodman,

Carbohydrates Self Tests: http://kekule.chem.csus.edu/jr/chem20/qzcarbs.html  http://www.uwplatt.edu/~sundin/354-9/5411299q.htm  http://cwx.prenhall.com/bookbind/pubbooks/bruice2/chapter20/multiple5/deluxe-content.html

Claude Wintner: Carbohydrate Lecture Movies (Require RealPlayer): Glucaric Acid is Chiral Ruff Degradation Kiliani Synthesis - Glucose and Mannose are C-2 Epimers  Mannaric Acid is Chiral. Osazones  Emil Fischer's Solution to the Glucose Problem  Glucose Exists Predominantly in a Glucopyranose Ring  Proof of Structure of 2,3,4,6-Tetra-O-methylglucose Transforming the Glucopyranose Structure into itsProper and Conventional Chair Conformational Rendering    Furanose Rings Disaccharides - Lactose Polysaccharides - Cellulose and Starch   Polysaccharides -Cellulose and Starch

Cellulose USM

Dehydration of sucrose demo Oxford U.

Combustion of nitrocellulose   Quiz  South Dakota School of Mines and Technology

Oxidation of sucrose by potassium chlorate South Dakota School of Mines and Technology

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